Types of Heat Pumps

Are you searching for a new heating and cooling system? An energy-efficient heat pump could be exactly what your home needs. It’s very common that people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but new, energy-efficient models can split your heating costs in half. They also provide cooling in the summertime for year-round comfort from just one little system.

If we’ve sparked your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Stevenson Service Experts about the many types of heat pumps before you choose what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a distinctive kind of HVAC system able to produce heating and cooling. In the summertime, they work similarly to an air conditioning unit, using electricity to eliminate heat from your home. Then, a reversing valve enables the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to warm up your home.

As well as this dual functionality, heat pumps are known for their amazing efficiency. Because they convey heat rather than produce it from a fuel source, heat pumps can reach more than 300% efficiency. This is compared to a maximum of 98% efficiency for the most efficient available gas-fired furnaces. By buying a heat pump, you’re not just picking a system that increases your home’s comfort; you’re going with a system known for sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

Even though heat pumps have a number of subcategories, each unit fits into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most commonly used type of heat pump. Installing them is generally simple, and these systems perform exceptionally well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps make use of the ambient air as a medium for heat exchange. In other words, they remove heat from the outside air during the cold months and take heat out of your home during the summer.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is built next to a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump may be an alternative. These systems use water as the method for heat exchange, offering another efficiency boost. While less popular than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water close to the home, these are a valuable option for homeowners with the right environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you’re looking for the single most efficient climate control method available, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are good systems to consider. These systems tap into the earth’s stable underground temperature to create consistent and incredibly efficient heating and cooling. The disadvantage to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and price of installation, which often requires excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

After you identify what heat pump style you would like to install in your home, the next step is to choose the best subtype. Your selections include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you are in a community with significant temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can provide the best of both worlds. These heat pumps come in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps switch between these two methods of operation, changing with current weather conditions for optimum efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces mostly use the heat pump during mild weather. Then, when temperatures fall drastically, the gas-fired furnace starts up, conserving energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Blending sustainable energy with home heating and cooling is a terrific way to cut your energy bills and help the environment. Solar heat pumps work using power made by solar panels, the perfect setup for environmentally conscious homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have a few choices for installing your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the standard setup for the majority of homes with existing ductwork. The interior unit is usually installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the exterior unit is located on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this setup, all mechanical elements are located in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is most suitable for homes or commercial buildings that don’t have much indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also called mini-split systems, are often used in homes and additions that don’t have any ductwork. Each room can have an indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, offering targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These streamlined units are ideal for small spaces or to meet short-term needs. While less efficient than other options, they have the benefit of quick and uncomplicated installation.

Choose Stevenson Service Experts for Your Heat Pump Needs in Columbus

If you want to to install a heat pump, call the knowledgeable professionals at Stevenson Service Experts. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can rest easy knowing you’ll get a job well done every time. Our seasoned specialists will make sure your heat pump system is modified to your needs, from installation to scheduled maintenance to occasional repairs.

Ready to enjoy home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Stevenson Service Experts for heat pump installation in Columbus. Call 614-334-3192 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!

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